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浅谈桥梁施工中应该注意的几个问题

作者:气囊 来源:ichaferry.com 发表时间:2010-5-15 9:45:28 浏览:次  

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    一、后张法预应力空心板梁

    (1)空心板梁预制施工工艺。首先规划预制厂地,平整压实,处理好场地地基,按设计图纸铺设板梁底模。由钢筋班按图纸下料,制作钢筋,运到现场,在底板上按设计位置绑扎。波纹管用机械卷制,按设计长度连接,接头处用胶带缠牢,防止漏浆,按设计位置安放并牢牢固定。板梁蕊模采用定购橡胶蕊模,内充空气,用定位钢筋将其固定。蕊模安放前要进行充气检查,保证不漏气。模板采用大型钢模板整体拼装,模板侧模应支撑牢固,尺寸准确,保证顺直,上、下都要用螺栓拉牢,保证不变形,不漏浆。板梁砼采用500L以上强制式拌合机现场拌制,小翻斗车运输,人工输送入模,浇注砼时应注意浇注顺序和厚度,振捣时应避开波纹管和橡胶蕊模,防止因振捣不当而使胶囊上浮、变形。板梁砼浇注后应进行收浆抹面,并在定浆后进行二次抹面、拉毛。掌握好抽出蕊模的时间,及时将橡胶蕊模抽出洗净。板梁浇注后及时覆盖养生,保证砼的湿度。到一定强度后拆除模板,砼强度达到100%时穿钢绞线,用两端张拉法进行张拉。张拉采用应力和伸长量双控。当伸长量超过设计值6%时,应松张预应力,查明原因重新张拉。张拉初值控制在10-25%之间,取10%为拉力,预应力钢材伸长量为初拉力以后测得的伸长量,加初应力时推算伸长值。如有滑丝、继丝应按规范规定处理。(2)桥面铺装。桥面铺装前需现浇板梁间接缝砼并连接钢索张拉压浆后,才能进行桥面施工。绑扎桥面钢筋网,测量桥面控制标高,支模板,空压机清理板梁上杂物,并洒水湿润板梁。桥面铺装为连续钢筋混凝土,砼在拌和站集中拌和,罐车运输,泵车输送至桥面,插入式振捣器和平板振捣器振捣,行夯刮平。桥面铺装要控制好桥面砼标高和平整度,误差不大于±10mm,施工中在桥面钢筋上安放行夯钢管轨道,每隔三米测量一控制点,确保桥面标高,平整度和横坡度,桥面砼一定要进行二次收浆、拉毛,及时喷洒养生剂或其他方式养生以防开裂。

    二、现浇钢筋砼箱梁

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