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扑救压缩或液化气体火灾的基本对策

作者:气囊 来源:ichaferry.com 发表时间:2010-2-27 9:51:54 浏览:次  
压缩或液化气体总是被储存在不同的容器内,或通过管道输送。其中储存在较小钢瓶内的气体压力教高,受热或受火焰熏烤容易发生爆裂。气体泄漏后遇火源已形成稳定燃烧时,其发生爆炸或再次爆炸的危险性与可燃气体泄漏未燃时相比要小得多。遇压缩或液化气体火灾一般应采取以下基本对策。

①PUJIUQITIHUOZAIQIEJIMANGMUPUMIEHUOSHI,ZAIMEIYOUCAIQUDULOUCUOSHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,BIXUBAOCHIWENDINGRANSHAO。FOUZE,DALIANGKERANQITIXIELOUCHULAIYUKONGQIHUNHE,YUZHEHUOYUANJIUHUIFASHENGBAOZHA,HOUGUOJIANGBUKANSHEXIANG。

②SHOUXIANYINGPUMIEWAIWEIBEIHUOYUANYINRANDEKERANWUHUOSHI,QIEDUANHUOSHIMANYANTUJING,KONGZHIRANSHAOFANWEI,BINGJIJIQIANGJIUSHOUSHANGHEBEIKUNRENYUAN。

③RUGUOHUOSHIZHONGYOUYALIRONGQIHUOYOUSHOUDAOHUOYANFUSHEREWEIXIEDEYALIRONGQI,NENGSHUSANDEYINGJINLIANGZAISHUIQIANGDEYANHUXIASHUSANDAOANQUANDIDAI,BUNENGSHUSANDEYINGBUSHUZUGOUDESHUIQIANGJINXINGLENGQUEBAOHU。WEIFANGZHIRONGQIBAOLIESHANGREN,JINXINGLENGQUEDERENYUANYINGJINLIANGCAIYONGDIZISHESHUIHUOLIYONGXIANCHANGJIANSHIDEYANBITIFANGHU。DUIWOSHIZHUGUAN,LENGQUERENYUANYINGXUANZEZHUGUANSICEJIAOZUOWEISHESHUIZHENDI。

④RUGUOSHISHUQIGUANDAOXIELOUZHEHUO,YINGSHEFAZHAODAOQIYUANFAMEN。FAMENWANHAOSHI,ZHIYAOGUANBIQITIDEJINCHUFAMEN,HUOSHIJIUHUIZIDONGXIMIE。

⑤贮罐或管道泄漏关阀无效时,应根据火势判断气体压力和泄漏口的大小及其形状,准备好相应的堵漏材料(如软木塞、橡皮塞、气囊塞、粘合剂、弯管工具等)。

⑥DULOUGONGZUOZHUNBEIJIUXUHOU,JIKEYONGSHUIPUJIUHUOSHI,YEYONGGANFEN.ERYANGHUATAN.LUDAIWANMIEHUO,DANRENGXUYONGSHUILENGQUESHAOTANGDEGUANHUOGUANBI。HUOPUMIEHOU,YINGLIJIYONGDULOUCAILIAODULOU,TONGSHIYONGWUZHUANGSHUIXISHIHEQUSANXIELOUCHULAIDEQITI。RUGUOQUERENXIELOUKOUFEICHANGDA,GENBENWUFADULOU,ZHIXULENGQUEZHEHUORONGQIJIQIZHOUWEIRONGQIHEKERANWUPIN,KONGZHIZHEHUOFANWEI,ZHIDAORANQIRANJIN,HUOSHIZIDONGXIMIE。

⑦XIANCHANGZHIHUIYINGMIQIEZHUYIGEZHONGWEIXIANZHENGZHAO,YUYOUHUOSHIXIMIEHOUJIAOZHANGSHIJIANWEINENGHUIFUWENDINGRANSHAOHUOSHOUREFUSHEDERONGQIANQUANFAHUOYANBIANLIANGYAOYAN、JIANJIAO、HUANGDONGDENGBAOLIEZHENGZHAOSHI,ZHIHUIYUANBIXUSHISHIZUOCHUZHUNQUEPANDUAN,JISHIXIADACHETUIMINGLING。XIANCHANGRENYUANKANDAOHUOTINGDAOSHIXIANGUIDINGDECHETUIXINHAOHOU,YINGXUNSUCHETUIZHIANQUANDIDAI。

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