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从排水和堵水开发希望

作者:气囊 来源:ichaferry.com 发表时间:2012-6-8 8:28:17 浏览:次  
从1955年新疆黑油山南麓,新中国第一口油井喷出黝黑的原油以来,新中国的油气工业就开启一部科技创新史。从自喷采油,到水驱采油,再到聚合物驱、微生物驱、二氧化碳驱,中国采油技术的进步从未停止过。

  不论是东北松辽盆地的吉林松原深层天然气田,还是在鄂尔多斯磨刀石上低产、低压、低渗透的油气,看得见的工艺在地面,看不见的技术在井下,在老油田、新困难面前,每一吨油,每一立方米气,都是科技的结晶。不仅在国内各大盆地,在遥远的土库曼等海外油气生产一线,中国石油挑战油气当量上产稳产世界难题的步履铿锵有力。

  ……

  他们都是普普通通的采油采气人,不仅肩负着让地下原油“见青天”的希望,而且承担着让采油采气技术更进一步的重任。南北西东的采油采气人,用他们的智慧和汗水,为油井气井“延年益寿”增添了不竭的科技动力。

  为了石油工业的血液,他们正为着同一个目标,努力加快着中国石油采油采气技术创新的步伐。

  夏子街:从减产到稳产的秘密

  新疆油田夏子街采油站

  ★精细注水省水省时

  ★新技术让清蜡周期延长一倍 

夏子街油田部分员工。

  XIAZIJIEYOUTIANWEIYUZHUNGAERPENDIXIBULONGQIWUXIADUANLIEDAIDONGDUAN。TADEYOUCENGFAYUPOSUI,XIANGLINYOUSHUIJINGZHIJIANZHUCAIGUANXIFEICHANGFUZA,SHIYIGEDUOCENGXI、FEIJUNZHIYANZHONG、TEDISHEN、JUYOUBIANDISHUIDEDAIQIDINGDEDUANKUAIYOUZANG。

  YAOSHIZHEIYANGYIGENANCAIYOUTIANFAZHANQILAI,XIANJINDEKEXUEJISHUBIXUSHIQIANTI。

  5YUE23RIZHONGWU12SHI,XIAZIJIEXIA18-36JINGQUDECAIYOUGONGYANGDONGMEIZHENGZUOZAIXIUXISHILIHESHUI。JIZHEJIANDAOTASHI,TAYIJINGWANCHENGLEQUANBUYOUJINGDEXUNJINGGONGZUO。FANGZAIYIQIAN,ZHISHAOHAIXUYAO1GEXIAOSHICAINENGWANCHENG。

  SUODUANDEYIXIAOSHIGUIGONGYUZIDONGJILIANGZHUANGZHI。YANGDONGMEISHUO:“SHIYONGZIDONGJILIANGHOU,ZHIYAOXUNJINGSHIBALIUCHENGSHEZHIHAO,DAOLESHIJIANJIUNENGZIDONGWANCHENGJILIANG,ZAIYEBUYONGWOMENPAOHUITOULULE。”

  JINGXIZHUSHUISHIYOUTIANWENCHANDEJICHU,SHUILIANGDIAOKONGSHIQIZHONGDEYIXIANGZHONGYAOGONGZUO。MUQIAN,XIAZIJIEYOUTIANSHUIJINGPEISHUIYESUIZHEYIXIANGXINJISHUDEYINGYONGSHIXIANLEZIDONGHUADIAOKONG,ERZHEIXIANGJISHUDEHEXINSHIDANJINGHENGLIUPEISHUIZHUANGZHI。LIYONGLIULIANGJIDUIXITONGLIULIANGJINXINGSHISHIJIANKONG,DANGJIANCEDAODELIULIANGYUSHIXIANYUZHIDEZHUSHUILIANGBUYIZHISHI,ZHINENGKONGZHIYIJIUHUIXIANGDIANDONGZHIXINGQIFASONGXINHAO,JIANGFAMENKAIDAHUOGUANXIAO,YICIDADAOWENLIUDEMUDE。

  2011NIAN,CAIYOUZHANZAIXIA18JINGQUHEXIA52JINGQUANZHUANGLE61GEDANJINGZHUSHUIPEISHUIQIAO;ZAIXIA9JINGQUHEXIA35JINGQUANZHUANG14GEDUOJINGPEISHUIQIAO,XIANCHANGYUNYONGXIAOGUOHENHAO。“WEILAI,WOMENHAIYAOSHIXIANSHUJUYUANCHUAN,JINYIBUTIGAOGONGZUOXIAOLV,SHIXIANJINGXIGUANLI。”XIAZIJIECAIYOUZHANGONGCHENGZONGJIANYAOHONGTAOSHUO。

  CHULENENGTIGAOLAODONGXIAOLV,ZIDONGHUAZHUANGZHIDEYUNYONGYESHIYIXIANDESHENGCHANSHUJUGENGWEIJINGZHUN,WEIKEYANJISHURENYUANZHIDINGXIAYIBUCUOSHITIGONGGENGJIAKEKAODEZILIAO,WEIYOUTIANWENCHANDIANDINGLIANGHAOJICHU。

  XIA18-36JINGQUSHIXIAZIJIECAIYOUZHANDEZHULISHENGCHANQUKUAI,QIZHONGZIPENJINGZHANDADUOSHU。YOUYUYUANYOUHANLALIANGGAO,YUANYOUCONGJINGDIZIPENDAOJINGKOUSHI,YALI、WENDUDOUHUIJIANGDI,ZHEISHILAJIUHUICONGYUANYOUZHONGXICHU,ZAIJINGKOUJIELA,YINGXIANGYOUJINGSHENGCHAN。FANGLAJIUCHENGLEXIAZIJIECAIYOURENDETOUDENGDASHI。

  JUXIANCHANGDEJISHURENYUANJIESHAO,2011NIAN,“ZYQIFANGLAJIANGNIANZENGYOUQI”ZAI10KOUSHIYANJINGANZHUANGHOU,QINGLAZHOUQIBIANZHUANGQIANYANZHANGLE1BEI,XIANGDANGYUJIANGYOUJINGPINGWENSHENGCHANDESHIJIANZENGJIALEYIBEI。

  YIXILIEJISHUCUOSHIDESHISHI,DADATIGAOLEXIA9JINGQUBADAOWANZUYOUZANGDEKAIFAXIAOGUO。DAO2011NIANNIANDI,XIAZIJIEYOUTIANXIA9JINGQUBADAOWANZUYOUZANGSHOUCINIANYOUZANGDIJIANDADAO-3.2%,ERYUANLAIDESHUZISHI22.3%。CONGZHENGDAOFU,XIA9JINGQUBADAOWANZUYOUZANGYOUDADIJIANZOUXIANGCHIXUWENCHAN,SHIXIANLEQIJIBANDETUIBIAN。

  采访手记:家是原动力

  5月20日,我们前往夏子街采油站进行采访。在作业区我们找到一位老师傅,希望跟他聊聊,以加深对这里的了解。谁知他说了句“等一等”便转身出了门。不到10分钟,他竟招呼来十几个人。老师傅乐呵呵地对我说:“人多才热闹!”当我还在为这种一呼百应的凝聚力感到惊讶时,已被他们推着进了会议室。

  没用我们做太多引导,他们便打开了话匣子,争先恐后地向记者讲述起采油站的桩桩件件,其中不乏令人为之动容的往事和互揭老底的说笑。他们的眼底闪耀着幸福的光芒;说话的语气全然没有同事间的客气;他们紧挨着坐着、靠着,举手投足间那么亲密。

  这样的场面让我们想起了逢年过节家人相聚的场景。

  一瞬间,家这个字眼蹦进我的脑海。这种团结、温暖、和睦的家的气息,便是你不刻意找寻也会蔓延进心里的力量。接下来的几天,认真、严谨、坚强、执著、热情是记者感受到属于夏子街石油人的关键词。我们有理由相信,这些力量源于他们深爱着的这个家,这个家凝聚着中国石油人的精神和魂魄。

   红台:百里风区“水中捞气”

  -吐哈油田红台采气工区

  ★著名风口采气队

  ★多种采气工艺的博览会 

大风中,采气员工手挽手,艰难的向井口靠近。

  5YUE20RI,TUHAPENDIZAOYUDAFENG。HONGTAICAIQIGONGQUDICHUBAILIFENGQU,FENGLICHAOGUO12JI。XUNJINGGONGNIXIANGYANGJIEDAOHONGTAI206JINGYOUGUZHANGDEXINXIHOU,JIASHIYUEYECHEYUTONGBANXIANGMUDEDIJINFA。FENGDA,CHESHENBEISHALIDADEPIPAXIANG。

  48SUIDENIXIANGYANG,SHILAOHONGTAIREN,2005NIANKAISHIYIZHIDAIZAIZHEILI。“FENG,SHIHONGTAIDECHANGKE。YINIANYICHANGFENG,CONGCHUNGUADAODONG。”SHUOQIHONGTAIDEFENG,TAYOUJIANGBUWANDEGUSHI,“FENGDALE,HUOCHETINGSHI,QICHETINGYUN,KEQIJINGYAOSHENGCHAN,XUNJINGBUNENGTING。”

  PASHANYUELING,QICHEYILUDIANBOSHIJINHONGTAI206JING。GANGYIXIACHE,NIXIANGYANGYUQITALIANGMINGYUANGONGJIUBEIPUTIANGAIDIDESHASHIBAOWEI。TAMENXIANGHUCHANFUZHE,MIZHEYANJING,JIANNANDIXIANGJINGKOUKAOJIN。CONGPEIDIANJUDAOJINGKOU,YIBUYINUO,CHAGUZHANG、ZHAOWENTI。1GEXIAOSHIHOU,CHOUYOUJIHUIFUYUNZHUAN,SANRENHUIDAOCHELI,XIANGZHONGKONGSHIHUIBAO,YOUXIANGXIAYIKOUJINGGANQU。NIXIANGYANGSHUO:“MEIFENGDESHIHOU,GANZHEIHUOYONGBULE10FENZHONG。”

  “HONGTAIDEZHAOPAI,SHI‘SHUIZHONGLAOQI’。”KANDAOJIZHEBUJIE,NIXIANGYANGJIXUSHUO,“TIANRANQIJINGSHENGCHANSHUNIANHOU,YALIXIAJIANG,JINGXIAJIYEXIANXIANGRIQUYANZHONG。JIYEDABUFENSHISHUI,SHUIDUOLEJIUBAQIYAZHULE,YINGXIANGCHANLIANG,SHENZHIHUITINGCHAN。PAISHUICAIQIJIUSHITONGGUORENGONGFANGSHIPAICHUJINGXIAYETI,RANGTIANRANQISHUNLICHANCHU,ZHEIBEIHONGTAIRENXINGXIANGDIZONGJIEWEI‘SHUIZHONGLAOQI’。”

  HONGTAI206JINGYIDUBEISHUIYANTINGCHAN,YONGCHOUYOUJIPAISHUIHOU,SIJINGQISIHUISHENG,RICHANTIANRANQI0.7WANLIFANGMI,YUANYOU4DUN。

  YUEYECHEYILUQIANXING,NIXIANGYANGYILUJIESHAO,CONGYIKOUKOUJINGSHANG,JIZHEKANDAOLEBUTONGDEPAISHUICAIQI。BUTONGDEJINGKUANGDUIYINGBUTONGDEGONGYI,YILUZOULAI,JIZHEFANGFOZHISHENCAIQIGONGYIBOLANHUI。

  GUIMOKAIFA7NIANLAI,HONGTAIDEQIJINGYUELAIYUEDUO,CHUXIANZAIZHEILIDECAIQIGONGYIYEYUELAIYUEDUO。HONGTAIRENGENJUJIYEJINGDEBUTONGTEZHENG,YANFACHUBUTONGLEIXINGDEPAISHUICAIQIGONGYIFANGAN,YOUSHENJINGBENGPAISHUI、ZHUSAIPAISHUI、DANQIPAISHUIDENG。MUQIAN,HONGTAIMEITIANXIANGWAISHUSONGTIANRANQI80DUOWANLIFANGMI,KEMANZU160DUOWANHUJUMINJIATINGYONGQI。ZHEIYICHANLIANG,BIQUNIANNIANCHUFANLEYIFANDUO。

  采访手记:争气,要苦干更要巧干

  百里风区,戈壁荒滩,远离人烟,孤单寂寞……这是红台的自然环境,无力改变。与风沙斗,与严寒酷暑相伴,红台人的风骨里有着坚忍顽强,有着矢志不渝,这是铁人精神大庆精神在吐哈油田的传承与弘扬。在这里,有一个响亮的名字:红台精神。

  从40万立方米一路攀升到80多万立方米,红台人争气靠苦干,更靠巧干。采气工艺博览会的一项项工艺,100%的开井率,就是巧干的结果。巧干,就是顺应不断变化的地面、地下情况,持续研发使用对路的新技术、新工艺,破解油气田开发的难题。

  伏龙泉:摸透每一口井的“脾气”

  吉林油田伏龙泉采气队

  ★敬业多面手降伏“气龙”

  ★日产量增6倍 人员不增加 

  员工正在保养设备。

  5YUE22RISHANGWU,JINGGUOLIANGGEXIAOSHIDEBASHE,WOMENLAIDAOLEJILINYOUTIANSONGYUANCAIQICHANGFULONGQUANCAIQIDUI。XUNJIANWEIXIUBANBANZHANGWANGYANGZHENGYAODAILINGYUANGONGQUJIA“PAOPAI”(YIZHONGPAISHUICAIQIGONGYICUOSHI),WOMENBIANSUIXINGQIANWANG。ZAIJINGCHANG,TAMENHAIMEIJIDIYIKOUJINGJIAWAN“PAOPAI”,TIANSEJIUYINCHENQILAI,BUYIHUIER,XIAQILEYU,DANTAMENMEIYOUTINGXIASHOUZHONGDEHUO。JIUZHEIYANG,TAMENMAOYUZHUANZHANZAIYIGEYOUYIGEJINGCHANG……ZHIDAOWAN7SHI,TAMENCAIHUNSHENSHILULUDIHUILAI。

  FULONGQUANCAIQIDUI2009NIANJIANDUICHUQI,RICHANTIANRANQIBUZU20WANLIFANGMI。JINGGUOSANCIKUORONGHOU,RUJINRICHULINENGLIDADAO120WANLIFANGMI,ZENGZHANGLE6BEIDUO。CHANNENGLIANNIANPANGAO,GONGZUOLIANGZHOUZENG,RENSHOUQUEMEIZENGJIA。SHUJIYANRUIHONGSHUOHUANJIEMAODUNDEZUIJIABANFA:“YISHIPEIYANGDUOMIANSHOU;ERSHITONGGUOJISHUYUGUANLICHUANGXINJIANSHAOGONGZUOLIANG;SANSHIFAYANGYUANGONGJINGYEJINGSHEN。”

  XIANGWANGYANGSUOZAIDEBANZU,JINGGUOPEIXUNHOU,XUNJIAN、SHANGCUOSHI、KAICHE,MEIGERENDOUYISHENJIANDUOZHI;QITAGANGWEIYERUCI。

  “QILONG”CHONGTIAN,CHUANGXINBIBUKESHAO。JISHUCHUANGXINSHANG,YOUYU“QILONG”QIANFUZAIZHONGQIANCENG,TAMENJIUCHUANGXINKAIZHANPAISHUICAIQI、QINGLA、JINGKOUFANGPENDENGJISHUCUOSHI,YIN“QILONG”ZUANCHUDIMIAN;GUANLICHUANGXINSHANG,YUNYONGQIJINGFENLEIGUANLIFA,MOTOUMEIYIKOUQIJINGDE“PIQI”;YUNYONGTIANRANQIMOKUAIGUANLIFA,BAZHENGTIYOUSHIZHUANHUACHENGCHANLIANGGUIMO。

  BUJINRUCI,FAYANGYUANGONGJINGYEJINGSHENGENGXINGCHENGLEYIGUXIANGSHANGDELILIANG。YIGECHUANBINGZHUANGDEGUSHIJIUBEIGUANGWEIXUANJIANG。JINNIANCHUNTIAN,ZHENGZHIJIQIZHANSANQIKUOJIAN,YOUYUTINGDIAN,JIQIZHANSHIWAIBANREGUANXIANDONGNINGLE,ZHINENGYONGZHENGQIQUHUAKAI。DANGTIANSHIXINGQIRI,YOULIANGMINGZHIBANGANBUYANRUIHONGHESUNJIGUANG,DANGBANGONGRENWEIZHANZHANGXINGCUNYOUHELIANGMINGGONGYOU,5GERENCONGZAOCHEN6DIANDUOFAXIANWENTI,YIQIMANGLIUDAOTIANHEI。

  NEITIANQIWENSHILINGXIA30SHESHIDU,XINGCUNYOUYIJING50SUI,DANTAGANQIHUOLAIXIANGGEXIAOHUOZI,XIANHOUHUANLESANSHUANGGONGXIE,SHUIZHENGQININGCHENGSHUISHUNZHETADEGONGZHUANGYILINGWANGXIALIU,HENKUAIYOUJIECHENGBING,TAQUANRANBUGU,DAOLEZUIHOU,XINGCUNYOUCHUANDEGONGZHUANGBIANCHENGLEBINGKAIJIA,JIANGYINGZAISHENSHANG。GUANXIANGUANTONGHOU,TAHUIDAOZHIBANSHIBANTIANDOUTUOBUXIALAI,ZHIDAOBINGXUERONGHUA……

  镇86井区:长征路上“种石油”

  长庆油田超低渗油藏第四项目部方山作业区镇86井区

  ★长征路上红军战士曾休整于此

  ★“只要地下有油我们就能采出来” 

  员工在检查流动注水橇的工作状况。

  1935NIAN10YUE10RI,GONGNONGHONGJUNFANYUELIUPANSHAN,ZAIGANSUSHENGZHENYUANXIANSANCHAZHENZHENGXIUYITIANHOU,XIANGSHANBEIWUQICHUFA……

  SHIGUO70DUONIAN,SHIYOUGONGRENZAIZHEILIJINXINGLEYICHANGSHIWUQIANLIDESHIYOUKANTANKAIFAGONGJIANZHAN。JIUZAIZHEIKUAISHUMUZACAODOUHENNANZHONGHUODEDIFANG,SHIYOURENBAYUANYOU“ZHONG”CHULAILE。

  ZHUGUANZHEIGEDIQUSHIYOUKANTANKAIFADESHIZHANGQINGYOUTIANCHAODISHENYOUZANGDISIXIANGMUBUFANGSHANZUOYEQUDEZHEN86JINGQU。

  2007NIAN,MIANDUILIANXU30DUONIANSHIYOUKANTANWUGUOERZHONGDEGANGA,ZHANGQINGYOUTIANCHAODISHENYOUZANGDISIXIANGMUBU,TONGGUOZHOUBIANDUIYUANDATANJINGZILIAODEZAIFENXI、ZAIYANJIU,JUEDINGBAJINGWEIBUSHUXIANGBIERENYIJINGFANGQIDE“JINQU”YANSHEN,BAKANTANCENGWEIXIANGBIERENMEIYOUSHEZUGUODESANDIEXIYANSHEN,JIEGUOZAIXINZUANDEZHEN86JINGHUODELE2.8DUNDEYUANYOURICHANLIANG。MUQIAN,ZHEIGEJINGQUYIYOUYOUJING28KOU,RICHANYOULIANG50DUODUN。

  “ZHEN86JINGDEQINHUO,SHOUXIANSHISIXIANGSHANGDEGONGJIANZHAN。”XIANGMUBUJINGLIJIANDANGWEISHUJILVQIANGSHUO,“MEIYOUSIXIANGSHANGDEGONGJIAN,JUEDUIMEIYOUZHEN86JINGQUDECHENGGUO。”ZHEN86JINGQUDE“DIYA、DISHEN、DIFENGDU”CHENGDUDADAOLEJIDIAN,QIYINBIXING、FENSANXINGSHIJIEHANJIAN。ZHAOYOUNAN,BAYOUKAICAICHULAIBINGSHIXIANWENCHANGENGNAN。

  YUANYOUNANKAICAI,SHIYANSHITAIZHIMI,YUANYOUMEIYOULIUCHUTONGDAO;WENCHANNAN,SHIDIXIADENENGLIANGBUZU。TONGGUODUIZHENYUANDIQUDEYOUZANGZHUANGKUANGFENXI,JINGQUCAIQUYALIEGONGYI,JIYUANYOUZHIZAORENGONGTONGDAO;DIXIANENGLIANGBUZU,YOUCAIQU“TINEIBUZUTIWAIBU”DEBANFA,TONGGUOZHUSHUIJIYUBUJI。

  JIZHEZAIZHEN164JINGLEJIEDAO,BENLAILIUBUCHUYUANYOUDESHENBUDICENG,TONGGUO“CANREN”DEYALIEHESHEKONGCUOSHI,SHI6GEBENLAIZHIMIDECENGWEIBIANDE“QIANCHUANGBAIKONG”。ZHENGZAIJINGSHANGJINXINGSHICAIDESHIYOUDUIFUZERENSHUO:“CAISHICHOULIANGTIAN,RICHANYOULIANGYIDADAO5DUNSHUIPING。”

  ZHEN307JINGJINGCHANG,CHULE1KOUYOUJINGWAI,1TAIWENGWENGZUOXIANGDEZHUSHUIQIAO,JIUXIANGYITAIJUXINGDAQITONG,MEITIANDOUJIANG20DUOLIFANGMIDESHUI,“DA”JINDICENGSHENCHU。YUANGONGLIYONGSHUO:“ZHEN307JINGQUMEITIAN20DUODUNDECHANYOULIANG,XUYAOZHUJINQU100DUOLIFANGMIDESHUI,CAINENGHUANLAI。”

  “ZHIYAODIXIAYOUDE,WOMENBIXUXIANGBANFABATAZHAODAO,ZHAODAODEWOMENBIXUXIANGBANFABATANACHULAI!”ZHEN86JINGQUJINGQUZHANGKANGHAIFENGRAOYOUXINGQUDISHUO,“JINGUANZAIZHEILIZHAOYOUBIHONGJUNDANGNIANZAISHANLIZHAOGUIZIHAINAN,DANYIKAOSIXIANGDEJIEFANGJIJISHUCHUANGXIN,WOMENBUDANNENGZHAODAOYINZANGDUJIQIANGDEYOUZANG,ERQIEHAIYOUBANFADUIMEIYIGEYOUZANGDEYUANYOUJINXING‘JIANMIE’!”

  采访手记:心灵的坚守

  处于勘探初期的镇86井区,所有单井都需要人工看守,员工住的是彩板房,饭要自己做,虽然条件十分艰苦,但在这里的19名看守人,却表现出对石油事业的热爱与执著。

  在镇354井看井的贾义善已经50多岁,在当地,这样的年龄,已能享受儿孙递茶端饭的安逸了。5月26日那天,他却为了加固井场的防洪墙,连午饭还没顾上做。

  家在湖北和四川的王罡、张丽林,2010年大学毕业后分到这里,看到艰苦生产生活环境,一时都有了打退堂鼓离开油田的念头。当他们了解到身边的师傅,为了石油,一辈子默默奉献,看到石油在国民经济发展中越来越重要的地位,不但打消了原有的念头,而且以油井为媒,相互牵手守候油井。

  目前,他俩办理了结婚手续。王罡说:“我们买房子安家,也要安在靠近油区最近的城镇。”

  在镇76井看单井的王存虎,今年还没回过家。27岁的他,还未谈女友,着急的父母4月份托人给他介绍了一位女孩,让他请假回去相亲,他因看井而没答应。

  “只有荒凉的环境,没有荒凉的人生。”在长征路上的镇86井区员工身上,这句话被诠释得淋漓尽致。

  ★石油史话

  SUIZHERENLEIDUISHIYOUYANJIUDEBUDUANSHENRU,DAOLE20SHIJI,SHIYOUBUJINCHENGWEIXIANDAISHEHUIZUIZHONGYAODENENGYUANCAILIAO,ERQIEQIWUHUABAMENDECHANPINYIJINGSHENRUDAORENMENSHENGHUODEGEGEJIAOLUO,BEIRENMENCHENGWEI“HEISEDEJINZI”,“XIANDAIGONGYEDEXUEYE”,JIDADITUIDONGLERENLEIXIANDAIWENMINGDEJINCHENG。

  SHIJIEXIANDAISHIYOUGONGYEZUIZAODANSHENGYUMEIGUOBINXIFANIYAZHOUDETAITESIWEIERCUN。YIGEJIAOQIAOZHI·BIERSIDERENYU1855NIANQINGMEIGUOYELUDAXUEXILIMANJIAOSHOUDUISHIYOUJINXINGLEHUAXUEFENXI,DEZHILESHIYOUNENGGOUTONGGUOJIAREZHENGLIUFENLICHENGJIGEBUFEN,MEIGEBUFENDOUHANYOUTANHEQINGDECHENGFEN,QIZHONGYIZHONGJIUSHIGAOZHILIANGDEYONGYIFAGUANGZHAOMINGDEYOU。1858NIANBIERSIQINGDELEIKESHANGXIAODAIRENDAJING,1859NIAN8YUE27RIZAIZUANZHI69YINGCHISHI,ZHONGYUHUODELESHIYOU。CONGCI,LIYONGZUANJINGHUOQUSHIYOU、LIYONGZHENGLIUFALIANZHIMEIYOUDEJISHUZHENZHENGSHIXIANLEGONGYEHUA,XIANDAISHIYOUGONGYEDANSHENGLE。 

  国内主要油气田

  ★走近地下“黑金”、“蓝金”

  BEIYUWEI“HEIJIN”、“LANJIN”DEYUANYOUHETIANRANQIZAIDIXIADE“JIA”SHIZENYANGDE?DIXIACHUJIYUANYOUJITIANRANQIDEDADUOSHUDICENGJIUXIANGSHALUNYIYANG,DIZHISHANGCHENGZHIWEISHAYAN。SHAYANCUNZAIZHONGDUODE、LIANTONGDEKONGXI,TONGCHANGYUANYOUJITIANRANQIJIUCHUCUNZAIZHEIXIEKONGXIZHIZHONG。YEYOUBUSHAOYOUCENGSHISHIHUIYAN,SHIHUIYANFEICHANGZHIMIJIBENSHANGMEIYOUKONGXI,DANYOUYUDIQIAOYUNDONGHUOSHUIDECHONGSHUA,QUEYOUFEICHANGDUODEWEILIEFENGHEDADAXIAOXIAODERONGDONG。YUANYOUJITIANRANQIYENENGCHUJIZAIZHEIXIEWEILIEFENGHERONGDONGZHONG。YOUQIKAICAIJIUSHICAIYONGGEZHONGJISHUSHOUDUAN,BACHUJIZAIKONGZHONG、WEILIEFENGZHONGDEYUANYOUHETIANRANQIJIYACHULAI,YIDIANYIDIDIHUIJIDAOYOUJING,TONGGUOYOUJINGCAIJIDAODIMIANSHANGLAI。 

  ★叩问神秘“气龙”

  YOUXIETIANRANQIHEYUANYOUCHUZANGZAITONGYICENGWEI,YOUXIEDANDUCUNZAI。DUIYUHEYUANYOUCHUZANGZAITONGYICENGWEIDETIANRANQI,HUIBANSUIYUANYOUYIQIKAICAICHULAI。DUIYUZHIYOUDANXIANGQICUNZAIDE,WOMENCHENGZHIWEIQIZANG,QIKAICAIFANGFAJIYUYUANYOUDEKAICAIFANGFASHIFENXIANGSI,YOUYOUQITESHUDEDIFANG。

  YOUYUTIANRANQIMIDUXIAO,JINGTONGQIZHUDUIJINGDIDEYALIXIAO;TIANRANQINIANDUXIAO,ZAIDICENGHEGUANDAOZHONGDELIUDONGZULIYEXIAO;YOUYOUYUPENGZHANGXISHUDA,QIDANXINGNENGLIANGYEDA。YINCITIANRANQIKAICAISHIYIBANCAIYONGZIPENFANGSHI。ZHEIHEZIPENCAIYOUFANGSHIJIBENYIYANG。BUGUOYINWEIQIJINGYALIYIBANJIAOGAOJIASHANGTIANRANQISHUYUYIRANYIBAOQITI,DUICAIQIJINGKOUZHUANGZHIDECHENGYANENGLIHEMIFENGXINGNENGBIDUICAIYOUJINGKOUZHUANGZHIDEYAOQIUYAOGAODEDUO。

  天然气开采也有其自身特点。首先天然气和原油一样与底水或边水常常是一个储藏体系。水体的弹性能量会驱使水沿高渗透带窜入气藏。这种情况下,目前治理气藏水患主要为排水和堵水气囊两种方法。 

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